The trade war between China and the US is not a new thing to be discussed. The Trump administration had already been working over the last few years to reduce US industries located in China, which, ultimately, after the pandemic break out resulted as a success.
On one hand, when the coronavirus is proving itself as a nightmare to the whole world, on the other, it stood as a stroke of luck for Indonesia. The trade war between China and the US is not a new thing to be discussed. The Trump administration had already been working over the last few years to reduce US industries located in China, which, ultimately, after the pandemic break out resulted as a success.
Trump decided to relocate around 27 US factories from China to Indonesia and many more to be added to the list after the president delegate an investment minister, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, to join hands with the US industries to corroborate that all the relocation was taken by Indonesia. Brebes Industrial Park in Central Java, with around 4000 hectares land, being the biggest ground, becomes the relocation area for the US industries.
Huge manpower productivity, better and advanced infrastructure, large acres of land, bulky incentives, are some of the nuts and bolts that contribute to the swift running of industry and Indonesia being able in all of these won against China in the relocation of the companies from the United States. Weighty incentives along with freeing up land for 5years and holding direct talks with the US president and all the heads of US companies are some of the prominent ways taken by Indonesia, under the authority of President Joko Widodo, to succeed in seizing the multinational companies of the United States.
The conflict between the USA and China has greatly benefited Indonesia. Not only the US industries but also the companies of Europe and Japan are to go out of China and cut world supply chains from them. When Vietnam was chosen by some Chinese company for its closer geography to China and cheaper labour, Indonesia won the battle over the Southeast Asian countries by being the main destination for the relocation of US factories.
BENEFITS OF MOVING FACTORIES FROM CHINA TO INDONESIA
As China has lost their market in the United States, this huge nation is now looking for opportunities to export its products to other countries. The Asian region such as Indonesia is one of their first choices of doing trade with.
Business owners who are currently having their factories in China are strongly encouraged to move their manufacturing companies to Indonesia to seize the following benefits:
Cost-Saving in Indonesia
Cheap labor in China has decreased drastically due to the rising minimum wage in the country. Therefore, by moving production from China to Indonesia, you can help investors save the production cost between 10-15%.
Dynamic Demographics in Indonesia
It is undeniable that China does have a much larger population compared to Indonesia. But, there is a lower percentage of younger workforce in China. China has an aging population with the highest percentage of people between 30-60 years old. This also means that the workforce is shrinking every year.
Growing Economy in Indonesia
According to tradingeconomics.com, Indonesia has an average GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of 5.28% in 2019. Foreign investment has also hit more than IDR 20.5 trillion.
The investment is expected to grow even further with the support from the Indonesian government.
Rapidly Developing Infrastructure
There are significant infrastructure improvement and industrial development in Indonesia to cater to the inflow of foreign investments. Some of the developments include airport construction and expansion, inter-city connections and international ports construction.
Source: https://thepolicytimes.com/indonesia-to-hack-the-crown-in-the-us-china-trade-war/, https://www.cekindo.com/blog/trade-war-us-china-moving-factories-indonesia